Memorial Hall of the Nanjing massacre
The Memorial Hall of the Victims of the Nanjing Massacre by Japanese Invaders is located in Nanjing's Shuiximen Street, once a burial place for victims massacred in Jiangdongmen by Japanese invaders. As a monument to those victims Nanjing Municipal People's Government built this memorial hall in 1985.
The memorial hall occupies an area of 28,000 square meters plus a floor space of 3,000 square meters. It was enlarged and renovated in 1995 by the local government. The complex is shaped by black and white granite bricks, looking spectacular and magnificent, and surrounded by sculptures, terraces and architectures. The hall collect stores and exhibits all the material evidences indicating these atrocities, including letters, newspapers, video, pictures, human remains, testimonies and so forth.
The Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall could be divided into three parts, Outdoor Exhibits, Skeletal Remains as well as Exhibition Hall. The Outdoor Exhibit is composed of statues, sculptures, relief carvings, tablets, a large wall listing the names of victims, atonement tablet, memorial walkway, atoning monument as well as grasslands. The Skeletal Remains are coffin-shaped, where some victims' skeletal remains excavated from the "pit of ten thousand corpses" are displayed. The Exhibition Hall is grave-shaped, where more than 1000 precious historical photos, cultural relics, charts and other witnessing massacre documents are displayed.