Rain Flower Terrace
The Rain Flower Terrace, which is one of the most recognisable scenic spots in Nanjing, is located in the south of the city, covering an area of 153.7 hectares.
The Rain Flower Terrace is home to many historical monuments as well as natural scenery and presents an irresistible beauty to visitors. The site got its name of Rain Flower Terrace in the Southern Dynasty, when a legendary monk, Yunguang, preached the doctrines of Buddhism here. The monk was so eloquent that the heavenly God was moved by his preaching and showered him with flowers, hence the name "Rain Flower Terrace".
Legend has it that in the 6th century AD, the monk Yun Guang delivered such a powerful sermon that God himself was moved and let flowers rain down upon this area. This story explains how the stones at this site received their unique colour and their name, yu hua shi, which means rain flower stone.
In the 1930s, Yuhua Tai was put to use as an execution ground by the Chinese Nationalist Party. Thousands of their left-wing opponents were detained and put to death here. After the revolution the park was converted into a memorial ground. The park includes a museum, statues, tombs, and a great obelisk which can be viewed from afar stretching skyward above the trees.
The significance of the Rain Flower Terrace in modern Chinese history has intensified because it was an executive ground of revolutionary martyrs and has been converted into a memorial site. Now, at the scenic spot, solemn yet magnificent memorial relics and plants of all kinds decorate the site with green all the year round, needless to mention, the well-known Rain Flower Stones and Rain Flower Tea. The Rain Flower Terrace is recognised as a National Unit of Important Monument Protection, a National Educational Base of Patriotism Monument Protection, the National Educational Base of Patriotism, National Scenic Spot, as well as the Advanced National Unit of Scenic Spot and National Model Unit of the Protection of Consumers' Rights.