Taoran Pavilion Park
Taoran Pavilion Park is located in the south of Beijing's Xuanwu District. It covers 59 hectares out of which 17 hectares are water surface. The park was built in 1952, and it is the first modern landscape piece of architecture after the foundation of the P.R.C. (People’s Republic of China). As a famous historical site of Beijing, it has its own strong cultural atmosphere and revolutionary history, making it a renowned resort attracting numerous visitors.
In 1695, during the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), a senior official of the central government ordered a pavilion to be built to the west of the Mercy Nunnery and named it "Taoran", a quote from Bai Ju-yi, one of the greatest poets in Tang Dynasty. Literates liked the Pavilion very much, and those who lived in other provinces often visited when they came to Beijing.
Surrounding Taoran Pavilion are many famous historical sites. To the northwest of the pavilion is Dragon Tree Temple, which was as famous as Taoran Pavilion during the late Qing Dynasty and also attracted many celebrities. Others include Black Dragon Pool, King Dragon Pavilion, Nezha Temple, Plun Blossom Garden, and Zu Garden that are located to the east or west respectively (to the north was Yao Tai Tea house, and to the northeast were fragrant tombs and so on). Most of these historical sites had a longer history than Taoran Pavilion, and even earlier than the Mercy Nunnery. Famous poets and calligraphers often came here and left many famous poems and calligraphy works.
The pavilion is located on a small island, and is surrounded by other scenery spots. The island is covered with rich vegetation, and the pavilion can be found on the bank as well as long corridors. As well as Taoran Pavilion, Jingqiu Hill and Yan Tou hill are also on the island. At the south foot of Jingqiu Hill is the "Rose Hill", which is the ruins of Fragrant Tomb and parrot Tomb. In the tranquil pine woods, one can find the tombs of Gao Jun-Yu and Shi Ping-Mei, the early revolutionists of the Communist Party in China (CPC).
Cathay pavillon Garden can be found inside Taoran Pavilion Park. Built in 1985, many famous garden designs from around China were taken into consideration when designing this park, including Zuiweg Pavilion, lan Pavilion, Echi Tablet Pavilion, Canglang Pavilion and others. There are more than 10 famous pavilion influences in this small garden.
Opening Hours: 6:00-21:30 (Tickets stop selling at 21:00)
How to Get to Taoran Pavilion: You can get to Taoran Pavilion Park directly from Beijing Railway Station, Beijing South Railway Station, West Railway Station or Qianmen by bus.
East gate: No.14, No.102, No.59, No.40, No.343, No.106, No.613, No.66, No.381, No.5.
North gate: No.59, No.40, No.613, No.819.
Southeast Gate: No.800, No.122, No.721, No.741, No.3, No.958, No.939, No.458, No.943, No.102, No.202.