Located on the south bank of Jinjiang River at East Gate, Chengdu, Wangjiang Pavilion Park is widely known for its cultural heritage represented by the ancient building complex of Wangjiang Pavilion and Xue Tao Memorial, and its unique collections of rare bamboos.
Standing by the Jinjiang River, Chongli Pavilion (widely known as Wangjiang Pavilion), a 27.9m-high all-wood structure, is one of the Park’s major buildings. Its name Chongli is derived from the words Beautiful (li in Chinese) and sublime (chong in Chinese). Adjacent to Jinjiang River, it is widely known as Wangjiang Pavilion (River-overlooking Pavilion). The God of Literature that administers the ranks of the imperial examination is enshrined at the Pavilion.
Zhuojin Pavilion has five principle columns and doors and windows on four sides and strongly resembles boat. Surrounded by luxuriant and well-spaced flowers and trees, its elegance and beauty is undeniable. Inside the Pavilion, rosewood furniture from the Ming and Qing dynasties and other ancient building components are showcased.
Yinshi Pavilion was built as there’s a similar pavilion at the residence where Xue Tao spent her twilight years. Shadowed by willows and bamboos near the river, the three-part pavilion featuring open verandas on four sides is quite poetic. There are a collection of paintings in the hall on the ground floor depicting Xue Tao chanting poetry with famous poets such as Yuan Zhen, Bai Juyi, Du Mu and Liu Yuxi.
In the uniquely and exquisitely designed Huanjian Pavilion, paper and letter paper making technologies of the Tang Dynasty are showcased.
The Open Area of Wangjiang Pavilion Park is a bamboo themed park with the richest collection of bamboo species in China. Xue Tao loved bamboos and described them as upright and perseverant. To commemorate Xue Tao, later generations have planted various species of bamboos all over the garden. There are 200-odd species from home and abroad, including some very rare species. The bamboos in the garden, represented by Bambusa chungii, Phyllostachys aurea, Bambusa ventricosa and Fargesia ungulata, take different forms and yet are in perfect harmony. They crowd together or interweave forming a corridor. People thus call this fun filled sea of bamboo the ‘Park of Bamboos’.