White Horse Temple
Located 12 kilometers east of Luoyang city, the White Horse Temple is one of the oldest Buddhist temples in China and is renowned as the cradle of Chinese Buddhism. This temple, with a large number of Buddhist items housed there, is well worth a visit.
According to historical records, Emperor Ming of the Eastern Han Dynasty (25 - 220 AD) once sent his minister to western region to learn about Buddhism. After finished study, they came back with two eminent Indian monks and a white horse carried the sutra and the figure of Buddha. In order to memorialize the white horse's contribution of taking back the sutra, Emperor Ming ordered the construction of the temple and named it White Horse Temple.
The present appearance of White Horse Temple is much different from its original one that it has undergone many repairs and renovations in all previous dynasties. As the first Buddhist temple in China, the White Horse Temple plays a significant role in the history of Chinese Buddhism and China's international cultural exchanges. After the founding of the People's Republic of China, the People's Government paid much attention to the temple and thoroughly restored it several times from 1952 to 1973. It has become an attraction to domestic and foreign tourists.