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Xiguan Mansion

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Xiguan Mansion, is a traditional geographical division of Guangzhou, China. It is the former name of the Liwan District that reaches Xicun in the north and borders on Renmin Road  to the east. The Pearl River lies to its west and south. The area outside the west gate of Guangzhou was collectively called Xiguan during the Ming (13681644) and Qing Dynasties (16441911), a name that remains in use today. Xiguan Mansions used to be the residences of wealthy businessmen, are the typical representative of vernacular dwellings in Xiguan, Guangzhou. 


In the past, Guangzhou, or commonly called the capital of Guangdong Province had three city gates respectively on its east, south and west. They are Dongguan (literally "East Gate", Nanguan (literally: "South Gate") and Xiguan (literally: "West Gate"). There are mountains in the north of the city so there was no such thing called Beiguan (literally: "North Gate"). Guan means gate in Chinese. Thus, Xiguan refers to the area outside the west gate of Guangzhou.


The former but more commonly known translation for Xiguan is Sai Kwan (Cantonese Romanization). Other less often translations are West Kwan, West Gate, West Suburbs, West Outskirts or West Guan. Currently, the official translation is Xiguan in accordance with Pinyin, the official system to transcribe Chinese characters into the Latin script.