Yuanyang Rice Terrace
China has many rice terraces, those on the mountains of Yuanyang County in southwest China’s Yunnan Province are some of the most famous. And it is the best time to visit from November to April, therefore attracts many tourists and photographers will arrive here at that time, the water flowing down to irrigate the fields looks crystal clear, and the air is incredible clean, strolling on the stairway to heaven, you can drink in to your heart's content the full beauty of this natural scenery!
The amazing rice-terraces built on the red-soil mountains. 2500 years ago, the ancestors of Hani people came from Tibetan Plateau to this land and worked out the terraced fields on mountains generations after generations. The rice farmers have had to practice those concepts centuries before they were widely accepted around the world. Without hard work maintaining the terrace walls and irrigation system, the precious top soil would wash down the hillsides into the rivers.
The water from the rain and from mountain springs flow down to the rice terraces and the whole cycle repeats itself perpetually. During the winter to early spring season, the entire field is irrigated with spring water from the forest above to rejuvenate and prepare for the next growing season. There is only one harvest per year for the Yuanyang Rice Terrace; planting occurs from March to October/November every year.
Yuanyang is also interesting for its intense minorities’ life. You can find a Hani and Yi colorful market each day, based on the Chinese calendar. Hani and Yi minorities aslo still wear their colorful traditional clothes.
Noted for its profound culture and its beautiful natural landscapes, including mountains, forests and misty seas in the Ailao Mountain area. As a result, the Hani Terrace is supposed to be listed as a "World Natural and Cultural Heritage" by UNESCO.