The city of Qingdao was originally a fishing village and the area in which Qingdao is located today was named Jiao'ao when it was administered by the Qing Dynasty. In 1891, the Qing government decided to make the area primary defense base against naval attacks. Nowadays it is one of the important opening-up coastal cities in China and is a well-known historical and cultural city with trade, light industry, tourism and oceanography research as its main industries. In 2008, Qingdao hosted the sailing events of the 2008 Summer Olympics.
The Zhan Bridge is the symbol of Qingdao, which was first built in 1891. It connected with the popular shopping street - Zhongshan Road. After several restorations, from being a simple military harbour, it is now open to tourists but will undergo an overhaul next spring. The 440-meter-long strip pier stretches into the sea and was the first wharf in Qingdao. There is an octagonal pagoda of distinctive Chinese style, "Huilan Pagoda" at the end of the pier. From the top, tourists can fully view the magnificent sea. Along the shore is the beautiful Pier Park, which is a pleasant and quiet place for tourists to rest or enjoy the scenery of Little Qingdao Isle and its white tower.