Hougou is a famous ancient village in Jinzhong, north China’s Shanxi.
Hougou belongs to hilly and mountain area, with large relative elevation difference from 974 meters to 908 meters. It is a typical village built on rainfed highland of the loess plateau. A piece of epitaph in Tang dynasty shows that Hougou’s history can be traced back to 819 A.D., and the epigraphy in Guanyin Temple built in 1626 A.D. makes the village even more mystery.
Cave dwellings are Hougou’s typical residential buildings. The cave dwellings were built against hills in different forms, and their floors and courtyards are in good order.
Hougou’s temple system is quite perfect and well preserved. There are 18 temples in the village, and the representatives are Guanyin Temple, Giok Hong Tian, Guandi Temple, Zhenwu Temple, Kuixing Tower, Wenchang Pavilion, and the Zhang Ancestral Hall with 1,000 years of history. The temples were built in accordance with geomancy and bearings, and unified the Buddhism, the Taoism and the Confucianism.
Hougou village condensed the traditional agricultural civilization in China. Its spiritual belief, folk culture, production and life revive the self-sufficient traditional civilization in China. And its pristine farming culture, mysterious geomantic culture and traditional belief culture constitute the complete folk culture system.