The Imperial Summer Villa is the largest imperial garden in China. It is located in the city of Chengde， Hebei Province. It was constructed from the 42nd year of Emperor Kangxi’s reign (1702), and completed in the 57th year of Emperor Qianlong’s reign (1792) in Qing. Beijing’s summer is always unbearably hot. I decided to hid in the Summer Villa and enjoy the cool.
The Imperial Summer Villa is divided into two parts: the palace area and garden area. Temples of various architectural styles and Imperial gardens subtly blend into a landscape of lakes, pasture land and forests. In addition to its aesthetic interest, the Imperial Summer Villa is a rare historic vestige of the final development of feudal society in China.
The palace is located in the southeast part of the Mountain Resort where the main buildings include Zhenggong (Front Palace), Songhezhai (Pine and Crane Hall), Wanhesongfeng (Whispering Pine Valley), and Donggong (Eastern Palace). The Hall of Danbo Jingcheng (Frugality and Placidity) is the main hall of the Front Palace. It is also known as Nanmu Hall because it was built of the fine-grained fragrant hardwood called nanny. The Hall of Wanhesongfeng standing on a hillock by the lakeside and encircled by green pine groves, is a grand scenic spot.
The garden area consists of the lake, plains and mountains. The lake is filled with crystal-clear rippling waters. There is a long bridge that hanging over the lake. And there are three pavilions on the bridge. To the north of the pavilions, lies an island by the name of “Moon Color and River Sound”. The buildings on the island include Jingji Shanfang, Yingxin Tang, Lengxiang Ting etc. The plains lie to the north of the lake area. The Garden of Ten Thousand Trees is located in its northeast. Shimadai (Ground for Practising Horse-Ride) in the southwest is a vast stretch of flat land covered with green grass, where one can go for a gallop. Stupa at the Yongyou Temple (Temple of Eternal Blessing), the largest building in the plain area, was built in the style of the Pagoda at Bao’en Temple (Temple of Paying Debt of Gratitude) in Nanjing City, and the Liuhe Pagoda (Six-Harmony Pagoda) in Hangzhou City. The mountains account for 4/5 of the Resort in area, with a terrain sloping from the northwest to the southeast. Ranged from south to north, are 4 successive valleys: Zhenzi yu (Hazels Valley), Lishu yu (Pear Trees Valley), Songlin yu (Pine Trees Valley) and Songyun xia (Pine Clouds Valley). On the summit of the mountain rising from Zhenzi yu, perches a large pavilion with a rolling roof, and commanding a distant view of Qingchui Peak (Club-shaped Peak) sparkling with golden and violet rays under the setting-sun light. If you want you enjoy the cool in the Imperial Summer Villa, you can find more information by visiting