Chinese Pottery and Porcelain
Pottery and porcelain have developed dramatically over a period of 8000 years in China. Both coloured and black pottery was common in ancient times. Terracotta was at its best in the Qing dynasty, and tri-coloured pottery reached its zenith at the time of the Tang dynasty. During this period, the glazed porcelains came alive with yellow, green, blue, brown, black and white colours.
Chinese porcelain began flourishing some 3,000 years ago during the Shang dynasty and is one of China's greatest cultural treasures. During the Han dynasty, black and celadon porcelain were mainly produced. Celadon, a type of glaze that resembles the colour of jade, saw continued development throughout the dynasties. By the Tang dynasty, celadon porcelain had developed to a high technical standard.
The porcelain wares of the Song dynasty are considered classics. By the Song era, artisans had reached a high level of sophistication in design, firing and glazing. As a result, pieces from this time strike a perfect balance of shape, glaze and artistry.
The capital of porcelain is undoubtedly Jingdezhen, which is located in Jiangxi Province. With over 1,700 years of porcelain production, it continues its seminal role in Chinese porcelain arts and industry to this day.