Famous Doctors of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has a long history of over two-thousand years. TCM aims to examine and heal patients by treating the human body as a complete system. Through the thousands of years, a large number of famous doctors of Traditional Chinese Medicine have made significant contributions to the development of TCM.
Bian Que (Qin Yueren), was one of the most famous doctors of Traditional Chinese Medicine in ancient China. He was born in the Warring States Period and is regarded as the founder of TCM. His skills included expert pulse-taking as well as acupuncture and moxibustion. Bia Que created the four diagnostic methods of TCM: looking, listening, inquiring and pulse-taking.
Hua Tuo was a famous doctor of Traditional Chinese Medicine who lived during the late Han Dynasty and the Three Kingdoms era. Hua Tuo is the first person to use anaesthesia during surgery. He created a basic anesthetic called Mafeisan, made of herbs and wine. Hua Tuo also created an exercise name Wuqinxi to keep fit, which was based on the movements of the tiger, deer, bear, ape and crane.
Zhang Zhongjing is another famous doctor of Traditional Chinese Medicine, who lived during the late Han Dynasty. He made a significant contribution to Chinese medical prescriptions. Zhang Zhongjing wrote the medical masterpiece Shang Han Za Bing Lun (Treatise on Cold Pathogenic and Miscellaneous Diseases), which was the first medical monograph that established treatment based on syndrome differentiation.
Sun Simiao is another famous doctor of Traditional Chinese Medicine who lived in the Sui and Tang Dynasty. He is regarded as China's King of Medicine. Sun Simiao wrote over eighty medical monographs in his whole life, with the most famous being Qian Jin Yao Fang and Qian Jin Yi Fang. Sun Simiao's ethic of being a doctor was highly praised by other doctors and civilians.
Li Shizhen lived during Ming Dynasty and was one of the greatest doctors in Traditional Chinese Medicine and Chinese herbal history. His family is famous for its contribution to traditional medicine as both his father and grandfather were also famous doctors of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Li Shizhen used to be an imperial physician. However, the greatest contribution he made is his masterpiece "Compendium of Materia Medica" (Ben Cao Gang Mu) which took Li Shizhen about 27 years to complete.