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National Day

The National Day of the People's Republic of China is where all Chinese people around the world celebrate the birth of motherland and falls on the 1st October. It is not only a significant festival but also a national holiday which the people have a seven day holiday for.


Origin of the National Day 

China has long been under attack from foreign invaders. However, since the beginning of the leadership of the Communist Party, the Chinese people won the Anti-Japanese War and ended the civil war after a long hard struggle. The People's Republic of China was founded on October 1, 1949 with an inauguration at Tiananmen Square. On October 9, 1949, at the First Session of the First National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, the idea of taking the first of October as the National Day of the People's Republic of China was agreed upon, instead of the tenth of October, which was the old National Day. Since it tallies with the actual history and represents the people's will, The Central People's Government enforced this on December 2, 1949 and announced that starting in 1950, the first day of October would be the National Day.


Activities to Celebrate the National Day

People of all nationalities celebrate the National Day with a variety of activities while the government will organise some festivities, such as fireworks and concerts. There have been 14 military parades during National Day so far. Public places are usually decorated, including Tiananmen Square in Beijing which often proves to be eyecatching. In memory of the great leader Mao Zedong, a portrait of him was hung at the square and displayed at National Day every few years. Since 1949, it has been changed 8 times. Drawn by artist Wang Guodong, the present one is 6 metres high and 4.6 metres wide.


Thousands of tourists from home and abroad come to Tiananmen Square to celebrate the festival each year. On September 27, 2014, a well-designed parterre with a giant flower basket named "Blessing Our Motherland" was placed in the centre of the square. 


National Day also marks the beginning of one of the "Golden weeks" in China. People usually visit relatives and friends on this day and many couples often choose this meaningful date to get married. However, with large amounts of people travelling during the 7 day holiday, traffic jams become more frequent around this time, especially in the more popular tourist attractions. This has recently raised doubts as to whether the length of the holiday is appropriate.