The Classic of Poetry
The Classic of Poetry is the first collection of poems in China. There are approximately 300 hundred poems in this book which was believed to be finished in the Zhou Dynasty. It has had a great influence on Chinese literature and poetry. It is also the origin of China's realistic literature.
There are three methods that these poems use to express their feelings and emotions. They are called "Fu", "Bi" and "Xing". Fu means to express one's feeling directly without any equivocation, such as a boy showing his affection to another girl. "Bi" means metaphor, to use one thing to refer to another thing. For example, the poet can use the flowers to refer to girls because they are both beautiful and delicate. "Xing" is quiet similar to "Bi" but it means that if you want to describe one thing you use another thing to start your description. There is one poem using stone to describe the love between two people to show their determination.
Features and Influence
Confucius once commented on the book "The best word to describe the Classic of Poetry is innocence." It means that the people in these poems are pure and also reading these poems can clarify people's hearts. Lyrical poetry is the main part of the book. Although some of them are direct in terms of expression, most of them are slightly restricted. Apart from a few, they all reflect the real life of people's daily lives and experiences. There are political and ethnic clues hidden in many of these poems.
The Classic of Poetry was representative of north Chinese literature. It is also called "the ancestor of pure literature". It lays foundations of the principle of being rhetorical and rhyme. One famous writer in China called Hu Shi said that it could be considered as "a great literature work, a work of intellectual history, culture history and political history. "