Wing Chun Chuan, Chinese Kung Fu
Wing Chun Chuan is said to have been created by Yan Yongchun of Liancheng County in Fujian Province. It is said that during the reign of Emperor Jiaqing (1796-1820) of the Qing Dynasty, a Shaolin Chuan master named Yan Si in Quanzhou of Fujian left the city to escape oppression and stayed in Liancheng. Yan Si had a daughter called Yan Yongchun. She followed her father to practise martial arts and later became a Wushu master herself.
One day, when Yongchun was washing clothes at a riverside, she noticed a white crane fighting a green snake. She watched the fight carefully for a long time and came to understand their fighting rules. Thereafter, she combined the tangling and hissing of snake with the movements of the white crane, forming the original Wing Chun Chuan.
After Yan Yongchun married Liang Botao of Jiangxi Province, he taught Chuan to her. They set up a Wushu club at Liancheng to teach the art. After the death of his father, Yan Yongchun and his wife travelled in Jiangxi before settling down in Guangdong Province, where they taught the Wing Chun Chuan at Zhaoqing.
In the 20th year (1815) of the reign of Emperor Jiaqing during the Qing Dynasty, martial arts actor Huang Baohua went to perform at Zhaoqing and met Liang Botao. Liang taught Huang the Wing Chun Chuan while Huang taught Liang how to use a cudgel. They both mastered the arts. In his later years, Huang Baohua passed his knowledge of Wing Chun Chuan and his cudgel to Liang Zan who, after mastering the arts, developed them into the present day Wing Chun Chuan. Meanwhile, the Wing Chun Chuan became popularised through the efforts of others who combined to improve and develop the art together.
The Wing Chun Chuan features steady stances, generation of forces, fists staying close to one's own body, use of explosive power, focusing on completion of movements, combination of offence and defence by forcing up or crushing down the fists or feet from the opposing side. This style of Chuan emphasises speed of play, keeping fists and feet close to one's body for better protection, as well as to prepare for attacks and fighting the opponent at close range. When fighting, Wing Chuan fighters contain their chest, arch the back, close their elbows and knees, draw in their ribs and keep their thighs closed to protect the groin. When they use their feet for attack, they must also use their hands in cooperation. When they kick they do not expose their groin and when they deliver fist blows, their hands do not leave the front of their body.