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China in Brief

China in Brief

Full Country Name: The People's Republic of China
Location: In Eastern Asia, on the western shore of the Pacific Ocean
Territory area: 9.6 million square kilometers, second to Russia and Canada           
Government: The National People's Congress
Head of State: Hu Jintao
Capital City: Beijing

National Flag: Five-star red flag, length and width proportion: 3:2.
National Day: October 1, the country was founded in 1949.
Official Language: Putonghua (Mandarin)
Public holidays: New Year's Day (January 1), the Spring Festival (the New Year's Day by Chinese lunar calendar), Qingming Festival (April 5), International Labor Day (May 1), Dragon Boat Festival (the 5th day of the 5th lunar month), Mid-Autumn Festival (the 15th day of the 8th lunar month), and the National Day (October 1).

Population: 1.29 billion (based on the Fifth National Population Census in 2000)
Average life-span: 71 years old by the end of 2000.
People: Han Chinese (93%), plus Mongolian, Zhuang, Manchu and Uighur minorities
Religion: Officially atheist; Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism; Muslim (14 million), Christian (7 million)
Languages: Of the 56 ethnic groups in China, the Hui and Manchu use the same languages as Han people, while most of the rest groups have their own spoken and written languages.

Currency: Renminbi (RMB) /Chinese Yuan (CNY)
Weights and measures: metric system