♦ Date: 12th June, 2013
♦ Recommended Tours:
3 days Huangshan Trip
The Avatar Tour: 3 days Zhangjiajie Holiday
3 days Qingdao tour by flight
3 days Wold Heritage tour to Pingyao and Datong by train
3 days Inner Mongolia Grasslands Tour
Huangshan Trip by train
More Chinese Public Holidays are available to better plan your tour.
One of the Chinese important traditional festival is the Dragon Boat Festival which falls on the 5th day of 5th lunar month in the Chinese calendar. It has been held annually for more than 2,000 years and is notable for its educational influence. All the Chinese people could have a day holiday from 2008 year in order to commemorate the Chinese ancient culture. Besides the holiday, kinds of activities are held to memorializes a Chinese patriotic poet named Quyuan who loves his country strongly and cares about the future for his country.
♦ The Legend of Dragon Boat Festival
As a minister of Chu, one of coutries in the period of Warring States, Quyuan suggested his king to union the other 5 weak countries to resist the powerful Qing Country, only in this way the Chu and other 5countries can’t be destoried by Qing. The emperor, Chuhuaiwang, permitted his proposition and gave him the privilege to arrange the political work. The proposition insisted the recommending government official by the ability.
Because of this destroy the benefit of the noble, but people were jealous his position and said lots of bad words on his back, they want to expel Quyuan out of Chu.
Also the Qing country want to break the “six countries union” and then fail them one by one. Qing using the scheme of sowing dissension, it bribe the wife and the official of the emperor of Chu, then the emperor did not believe him, the king wouldn't take his advice in the end and was killed by the enemy of neighbor kingdom. Quyuan can’t accept the failure of the homeland, the suicide himself by drop his body to the river. Many fishermen tried to rescue him in the river, they raced the boat hurrily but nobody was found. The fishermen worried about the fish would eat his body, so they throw food into the river. That is the origin of Racing Boat in Dragon Boat Festival.
The food throwed into the river was made of rice and wraped by the leaf. The people believe the fish would not eat the body of Quyuan if they throw the food, So the traditional was hand down year by year. It becomes the Zongzi in the modern times.
♦ Activities During Dragon Boat Festival
▪ Racing Boat
The activity is held in the south of China in the 5th of lunar month every year. Because of the shape of the boat, looks like a dragon, with a dragon head and tail, so it is called dragon boat. Dozens of people compete a boat, the fastest the boat would win the competition. It is said that the winning team will bring harvest and happy life to the people of their village. Many universities would hold this activity in the south but not in the north. We can see yearly Dragon Boat Race events in Honk Hong and Taiwan.
Now, some of ethnic minorities in China also hold dragon boat races like Miao, and Dai. Japan, Vietnam, and Britain regard it as an important game as well. In the year of 1980, it was listed in the state sports competition program held every year.
▪ Eating Zongzi
The food ate during this period is called “Zongzi”, which is made of rice and Chinese date with a sweet taste. With the development of life standard, other taste Zongzi appears in the market, for example, the salty taste and spicy taste. The material includes rice, meat, bean paste, raisin and peanut, etc.
♦ Dragon Boat Festival in Following Years:
• Dragon Boat Festival in 2014 falls on Jun 2, 2014.
• Dragon Boat Festival in 2015 falls on Jun 20, 2015.
• Dragon Boat Festival in 2016 falls on Jun 9, 2016.
• Dragon Boat Festival in 2017 falls on May 31, 2017.
• Dragon Boat Festival in 2018 falls on Jun 18, 2018.